Cats Club|Lifestyle|Different Types of Cat Fur: Patterns, Lengths, and Layers: How to Determine It

Different Types of Cat Fur: Patterns, Lengths, and Layers: How to Determine It

Dec.08.2021 68
cat fur patterns

Regardless of cat fur types, you should provide your pet with regular external grooming and a healthy diet, as these all affect the condition of the fur. It should be shiny and smooth, and this is also an indicator of the overall health of the cat. Below we have described what classifications of coat exist and described each of them!

Cat Coat Patterns and Colors

cat fur colors

When we talk about all cat colors, the conversation can last more than a day. The fact is that each breed has certain shades that are officially recognized by international organizations. But this does not mean that some breeds cannot be of other colors, it just would be considered a defect. In other words, such a cat may be refused to take part in exhibitions, but the color would not affect other characteristics of this breed.


Solid-colored seals have uniformly dyed fur all over the body, muzzle, tail, and limbs. The shade of the nose and paw pads are also the same. The appearance of spots, glare, stripes is a sign of marriage.

  • Solid black is quite common. There is even a Bombay breed, whose coat is exceptionally black.
  • Blue is called a solid light gray color. Many believe that genetically it came from white color, but in fact from a black one. It must be uniform, without impurities. Typically, these animals have expressive green or orange eyes.
  • The white color of a cat is most often determined by the presence of a dominant W gene, and it blocks the color genes. However, they are present in any white cat and can appear in offspring.
  • Red-colored cats have a unique gene for red pigment.

Bi-Colors of Cats’ Fur

There are some breeds in which two-tone colors are allowed by the standard. Since the dominant color is always present in the color of bicolor cats, it always comes first in the name of the color. The spots can be of any color, shape, and size. By standard, bicolor cats can only have spots that do not mix colors. Also, they should not have even the slightest amount of hairs of a different color. The spots should be located mainly on the tail, head, and back. Among the popular breeds with this color are Persian, Turkish Van and British, etc.


It is one of the most popular cat fur patterns, and many believe that it can bring luck. This is a drawing on the wool. All tabbies have thin lines on the muzzle, expressively outlining the eyes and a spot in the form of a letter on the forehead. It is also called “wild color”, that is, the characteristic small wild feline. It has its own subspecies:

  • Mackerel;
  • Classic;
  • Spotted;
  • Ticked.


Among the different types of cat fur patterns is Tortoiseshell. Such cats are very diverse because there are no two similar colors – they all have a unique individual pattern. Unfortunately, at exhibitions, they are rarely noted by experts. But a person who once fell in love with cats of this color, as a rule, becomes their real fan.


It is also known as tricolor and has such patterns as red, black, and white. Often these colors can be combined into a duller shade similar to cream and cinnamon. It is also a quite popular type of fur in the USA. However, only experienced breeders can achieve the correct transitions of such cat fur colors that would be recognized at shows. What is important, calico is often met in street cats.


It is an interesting one color, but with darker shadows on the face, paws, tail, and ears. Hair is unique because research shows that keeping pets with this fur in a bright light would not show dark spots. However, it is not clear why this is happening, because breeders are still studying this type of fur.

Cat Fur: Lengths

all cat colors

You have probably noticed that each type of coat has its own care procedure and frequency, and most often it depends on the length. Therefore, below are the types of cat fur textures, which you would definitely find useful to know.


There are no true hairless cats, but some breeds have a very thin layer of suede. They usually like to cuddle together because they have no natural way to prevent heat loss. They are best suited for warm climates because they have a very fine coat. They also need to bathe regularly or wipe their bodies with special wet wipes to remove body fat. The most prominent representatives are Peterbald and Sphynx.


The coat of these cats does not exceed 1.5 inches, and they do not require any special care because it consists of regular brushing. First, the pet’s skin must be combed against the growth of the hair. In this way, the hairs that have fallen out are removed. And after which the coat is smoothed out according to the growth of the hair. Representatives of such cat fur textures are Abyssinian, Devon Rex, and Burmese. etc.


Depending on the breed, the fur of long-haired cats is 1.5-5 inches. Cats with this kind of fur need to be cleaned frequently, and they shed constantly. This is the coat of the American Curl, Maine Coon, and Norwegian Forest, etc.

Curly cat

Some cat breeds have curly coats. A cat’s curly hair is the result of a genetic mutation. In one of the shelters, an unusual curly cat was accidentally found, which was quickly adopted and crossed with other breeds, creating a new breed called the Selkirk Rex.

Cat Fur: Coat Types by Layers

types of cat fur texture
  • Guard is usually the topmost layer of fur, which is what you see on the surface. In most cases, the outer protective fur is the longest layer and slightly thicker than the rest. It is designed to protect cats from the cold and getting wet quickly in the rain.
  • Down acts as an insulating layer and its thickness depend on the breed and habitat of your pet. A cat in colder climates would have a thicker layer. This fur is very thick and soft, which allows warm air to penetrate under the fluff and close to their skin.
  • Awn is the link between down and guard. In other words, it creates one layer instead of two. Under normal conditions, it is longer and thinner than the second, but shorter and thicker than the first one. Also, your cat’s color and pattern are displayed here, and this is the fur layer that makes it visible.
  • Even in different types of cat fur, whiskers are part of them because they are made from keratin. The mustache is attached to the nerve endings, allowing them to blend in with their surroundings. For example, cats will use this facial hair to determine if they can get through a small space. It is important to note, however, that the mustache should never be trimmed because it would disorient you.

So is it easy for you to determine differences between cat coat types: pattern, length, and layer? Share in the comments about the coat type of your pet!

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