Why Do Cats Lose Their Hair and How You Can Prevent and Treat Alopecia in Cats
The good condition of your cat’s coat is a sign of health. When your cat sheds this is a normal process. However, if during this process the loss rate is exceeded, you need to contact your veterinarian to determine the cause. Alopecia in cats can be the first signal that your cat needs treatment. Let’s look at what is this, the most common causes, and possible treatments.
My Cat’s Fur Is Falling Out: What Is It?
Alopecia is excessive cat fur loss with the appearance of open skin areas on the body of an animal, on which there is almost no hair. Unlike seasonal molting, which is considered a normal variant, alopecia is a pathology that requires full treatment. If left unattended, the disease can lead to serious problems, due to which the hair on the skin will never grow back.
What Causes Hair Loss in Cats?
First of all, it is necessary to distinguish between when the process of hair loss is allowed, and when it is a sign of the disease. After all, why panic ahead of time, right?
- Seasonal molt. In cats that do not go out, it can be 2-3 months. During this period, your pet looks healthy.
- Hair loss in old cats. In older cats, bald patches often appear, long hairs remain in scraps. There is nothing dangerous but it is worth remembering the increased risk of developing various diseases.
- Stress. Any stressful situation can provoke profuse hair loss up to complete baldness. A cat may refuse to eat its usual food, its activity decreases, and general well-being worsens. Such situations can be the departure of the owner, change of residence, etc.
- Pregnancy. Hormonal changes and lack of vitamins in pregnant and lactating cats are manifested by baldness around the nipples. During this period, consult your veterinarian. He/she will advise you on special vitamins to improve the health of your cat and kittens.
- Why do cats lose their hair? The reason may be the wrong diet. For example, you feed your pet cheap food that lacks vitamins. Or you give your cat your food: grilled meat, sausage. Such food can not only provoke hair loss but also cause severe gastrointestinal diseases and allergies.
- Fleas. The cat begins to itch, and the unbearable itching disturbs the pet both day and night. The animal bites off the wool in shreds, and the combs become crusted.
- Ticks. It is another reason for cat hair loss. When a pet is affected by ticks, bald spots appear on the muzzle of the ears and front legs. Alopecia areata is often symmetrically located. Severe itching leads to scratching, the wounds often fester.
- Allergy. In this condition, the cat is constantly itching and irritable. This can be caused by medication, household cleaning products, etc.
- Lichen. Feline disease caused by a fungus is dangerous to humans. On a cat, lichen looks like rounded foci with stumps of hairs. The red skin is covered with scales, and the pet is constantly itching. The spots gradually increase in size.
There are not all causes of hair loss in cats but the most common.
How to Treat Hair Loss in Cats?
If the cat has a little more hair loss than usual but its general condition has not changed, don’t panic. First of all, analyze the external changes in the content of the pet:
- Buying a new feed;
- Vaccinations and medications;
- Using air fresheners and other chemicals at home;
- Stressful situations.
Often, a course of vitamin remedies stops hair loss. If, after eliminating the irritating factors, the coat continues to fall out intensively for several weeks or months, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian. Alopecia treatment for cats can be different. Another tactic for suspected contagious skin disease. In such cases, a skin scraping or biopsy is required. Depending on the identified parasite, antifungal agents, special shampoos, and antiseptic solutions are prescribed to treat festering wounds and scratches. In case of severe itching, it is advisable to put a cone on the pet. Severe bacterial infections require antibiotics.
How to Prevent Hair Loss?
If you don’t want to use cat hair loss treatment in the future, it is time to think about prevention measures. Remember to follow these rules:
- Selection of high-quality feed following age, condition, and concomitant diseases.
- Antihelminthic courses.
- Elimination of factors that can cause allergies.
- Compulsory vaccination.
- Proper care (regular brushing and washing).
We need to be more careful with our pets because delay can lead to dire consequences. What reasons did you know and which ones came as a surprise to you? Share in the comments. See you soon!
- If you would be a cat you would say Meow* (happy sound)
- If you would be a cat you would say HRR* (angry sound)