Signs of a sick cat
At first sight, it may seem that animals rarely get sick, and even if it happens they can take care of themselves because they deal with it somehow in nature. But they don’t. Cats can’t say they are not feeling well. Besides, they usually bear the pain silently and hide cat sickness symptoms for a long time.
Cats prone to solitary more than dogs. They don’t expect help or consolation if they’re not feeling well. This defense mechanism often makes them more aggressive or makes them hide from people. Unfortunately, all this might prevent the comprehensive care of your cat.
You should examine your cat every 6-12 months by a qualified veterinarian to avoid serious health problems. This information will be more relevant for owners of an 8-year-old cat. If you think there is something wrong with your cat (don’t know how serious the situation is) there are a few signs your cat is sick that will indicate you should see your vet as soon as possible.
Is my cat sick, how to understand?
List of sick cat symptoms
Food refusal, loss of appetite, weight loss, or steady weight gain
Maybe it’s a whim or a reaction to an unusual food. Increased appetite may indicate diabetes, gastrointestinal diseases, or excessive thyroid activity. If you can feel the ribs of your cat it means that your cat’s weight is normal – otherwise your fluffy friend suffers from the weight.
If it is not vaccinated, it is especially important to notice cat illnesses symptoms (bad or lack of appetite) in time and start acting.
If you think your cat’s stomach is swollen (rounded) you should consult your vet – it may be fluid retention rather than a weight problem.
Lethargy or aggression, nervousness – feline illness symptoms
The high temperature often causes lethargy. The cat’s body temperature is measured rectally. This is not the most convenient method but it is worth doing so that when you call the clinic, the information is more clearly communicated.
Still some signs of a sick cat
- Redness, skin flaking.
- A cat drinks a lot. If your cat starts to drink much more fluid and goes to the litter box more often it is one of the signs the cat is sick (it may be the next diseases such as diabetes or kidney dysfunction).
- Excretion from the eyes, nose swelling (redness of the eyelids, blurred lens, a bulging of the eyeball, cat dilated pupils lethargic, no reaction to light).
- High/low temperature.
You should know that the normal body temperature of your cat is between 37.5-39ºC. The younger cat’s temperature closer to the upper limit and older cats closer to the lower limit. A kitten’s breathing rate ranges from 60 breaths per minute, 22-24 in young cats, and 17-23 in adults. The normal cat’s heart rate is 100-130 beats per minute.
Blood in the poop/difficulty urinating
If a cat visits the litter box very often trying to defecate (and unsuccessfully), or if it has blood in its urine (meows loudly or makes complaints) it is also a sign of illness in cats that the urinary tract of your cat’s being infected.
Skin and fur – how do I know if my cat is sick?
The skin condition is a very good indicator and one of the best cat illness signs. Your pet’s skin should be smooth, black, or pinkish and its coat should be shiny.
If your pet licks or itches very often, has scratches on its skin or coat falls out, this can all be a sign that your cat is sick and suffer from mange or has other skin problems. At the same time, a poor coat condition and a lot of dandruff can indicate a serious illness.
Fungal skin diseases are very common in cats. Shearling lichens are the most known and infectious (especially dangerous for a young pet). The disease is manifested in the form of reddish bald spots and grayish scabs which are often confused with dandruff.
The main cause of ringworm is in contact with a sick animal. Many types of mycoses are passed on from pet to human. It is important to notice the symptoms in your cat on time or otherwise, the health of everyone in the house is at risk.
Besides parasites, cats often have other ear diseases: otitis, eczema, hematomas.
The most dangerous are otitis. Animals can avoid touching the affected area and react aggressively. Overcooling, injuries, infections, and foreign bodies are the most common causes of illness.
Diseases such as hepatitis, liver failure are part of this group. The following symptoms are indicative of the occurrence of liver disease in cats:
- Lethargy, loss of appetite.
- Vomiting, diarrhea.
- Increased liver size, which can be felt on palpation.
- In severe cases jaundice.
The causes of diseases in cats are many: poor nutrition, poisoning, drug overdose, lack of vitamins.
Cancers are found in every fifth cat (aggressive types of cancer are typical). Diagnosis of oncology in animals, like in humans, is difficult because of low-profile symptoms in the early stages. There are also similarities in the signs of other diseases. Poor appetite, weight loss, hair dullness, breathing difficulties, swelling, spots, ulcers, and swelling on the body, digestive problems may be a reason to contact an oncologist.
Treatment may include chemotherapy and surgery
Keep in mind that the best way to keep your pet healthy is to prevent cat sick symptoms on time. Above all, it is a cat comfortable living, a balanced and regular diet, and maintaining immunity. And, of course, you shouldn’t give up vaccination – it will help to protect your pet from many diseases. But if your cat does get sick, you should get it to a veterinary clinic as soon as possible, where it will be accurately diagnosed and treated by a specialist.