Symptoms of diabetes in cats
Diabetes is a common disease among mankind and occupies one of the leading places among the causes of death in the world.
Everyone is familiar with the situation when a person should monitor the amount/level of glucose in the blood, take tests, and take maintenance therapy. The life of a person with diabetes mellitus is burdened with constant control and discipline. But even in this scenario, a person is able to exist and enjoy life.
Diabetes in cats and dogs is a fairly common problem, which can be fatal if not detected in time feline diabetes symptoms. In this article, we want to talk about cat diabetes symptoms and draw your attention to the importance of timely diagnosis and treatment for your pet.
What is diabetes and what are the symptoms of diabetes in cats?
This disease concerns the work of the pancreas in the body. The pancreas has two types of enzymes that perform different functions. These are exocrine enzymes (digestive enzymes) that are responsible for the proper digestion process; endocrine enzymes that regulate the carbohydrate metabolism in the body of a living organism.
The insulin hormone is a key enzyme that regulates normal blood glucose content. It would seem simple blood sugar levels, but in fact, this imbalance is the cause of many metabolic processes: protein, fat, carbohydrate, water-salt, and mineral. Transportation of glucose to tissues and cells of the body is disturbed.
Symptoms of diabetes in cats
Early symptoms of diabetes in cats is the most dangerous period when you cannot understand or see any signs or symptoms of diabetes in cats. Because the cat can play, eat, and behave like a normal and absolutely healthy pet. And when you clearly see that there is something wrong with a cat it may be too late.
The first signs of diabetes in cats that you can detect: the pet’s lethargy, lack of appetite, and the characteristic stock of acetone that can come from a cat. The smell of acetone is the result of the accumulation of ketone bodies (they are by-products of glucose metabolism). In this case, you urgently need to take your cat to an appointment with a veterinarian. Your vet will take the blood from your pet’s vein and measure the blood sugar level in accordance with generally accepted norms (from 4.5 to 6.8 mmol/l). But the rates may vary depending on the breed, weight, and physique of the pet.
Cat owners may not notice symptoms of feline diabetes in small kittens, or in the first years of life. Basically, this endocrine disorder is characteristic of cats that go on to the second half of their lives (older cats).
Symptoms of cat diabetes that you can observe in the home environment
- Your cat has begun to gain or lose weight rapidly, and the cat can be just as active and alert
- You may notice that your pet began to drink more water
- Symptoms of cat diabetes in older cats may be associated with the pet’s appetite (excessive consumption of food or lack thereof)
- Frequent urination is also one of the symptoms of diabetes in a cat
- Inactivity and lack of energy during the day, vomiting urges
Now let’s talk about what causes the apparent symptoms of diabetes in older cats
- There are breeds of cats that have a genetic predisposition to this disease, such as Burmese and Siamese cats
- Hormonal changes in the body of the cat
- Pancreatic traumas or diseases
- Poor nutrition, especially for those hosts who buy and feed the cat with low-quality dry food. Very often dry food (poor quality) contains a lot of sugar
- Sex of cats. Males are more likely to get diabetes mellitus than females
- Less active pets with overweight are in the risk group and are prone to the disease
- Age of a cat. As we have already mentioned above, older cats (who are older than 8 years) are more likely to be seen by a veterinarian with this diagnosis. But in fact, cats of all ages are not insured from the disease
- Stress is also considered one of the important factors
If you notice any symptom in your cat, you should not be nervous, and worried. Many people panic when they hear the terrible diagnosis of “diabetes” at a doctor’s appointment. But it’s not so terrible if you stick to the right diet and use supportive (insulin) therapy.
Your pet will not need hospitalization if you go to the veterinarian in time for the first cat diabetes symptoms.
Usually, such therapy will not burden owners of cats with diabetes. Often, taking medication is associated with meals – morning and evening.
This is just preventive information that can help you recognize early symptoms of diabetes in cats. Only a veterinarian can make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. Take care of your pets!